current situation in the Berlin housing market

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the caretaker

Mr. X. manages around 2.500 apartments, mostly for private smallholders. Recently, an 5 room apartment was vacated. The gas floor heating is ancient, bathrooms, electrical and windows also and the cut is unfavorable: a lot of traffic, little functional space or living space. The owner figured it would be wise to divide them into 2 and 3 rooms, install new bathrooms and kitchens, and then rent them out again.

When the key paper on the rental cover was decided on, the two telephoned each other to continue, and then decided to continue the preparations anyway. The administrator had the plan, got offers and the two arranged an appointment for discussion and decision.

Then the GroKo announced their plans for the apartment package, shortly after the Tagesspiegel the concrete plans of the Bausenatorin to Mietenteckel. The owner canceled the appointment, ruled that he did not invest, and instructed the trustee not to rent at the moment until the legal situation has been clarified enough to know what is coming and what it means and until that level is reliable.

The apartment is now empty, the craftsmen are informed that for the time being no orders are triggered on the cost estimates.

der Arzt

Dr. Y. bought a tenement with 16 parties a few years ago, when it was even cheaper, in the front building 4 floors a 2 apartments and in the side wing as well. The house was fully financed, the loans are still around 20 years, the rents scarce cover the credit installments, but any extra costs, such as maintenance, Dr. pays. Y. out of his own pocket. The house should be his retirement.

The performance in Berlin in recent years has created potential for further borrowing and mortgages. Therefore, Dr. Y., to expand the previously undeveloped attic and to create four more apartments there. About two years ago, the planning began by an architect, about a year ago, the building application was made. To date, the application is not granted.

When the GroKo apartment package, which wants to extend the rent brake, became known, Dr. Y. skeptical whether the exceptional regulation of the housing market will now be permanent. When the plans for the rent cap became known in Berlin, he changed his mind. The top floor will not be expanded, no further loan will be taken out. He informed me that even if the rent cover does not come, he will not start the expansion again, because at the moment you cannot rely on how long it will stay that way. It has not yet been decided whether he will sell or keep the house.

The damage to Dr. Y. amounts to a mid five-digit amount of planning costs, which were now useless.

the tenant

Mr. Z. lives in a trendy Berlin neighborhood in a renovated old building. His rent is very cheap, for almost 80 sqm he pays 320 Euro plus operating costs. The house is not in the environment protection.

The owner sold the house to an investor in the middle of last year. He planned to renovate it from scratch, divide it into condominiums and sell them off. Mr. Z. has a pre-emptive right as an old tenant and after the sale a retention period of 10 years, so it is protected from crowding out. Therefore, his apartment can be sold after renovation only with loss, at least not profitable. The investor offered Mr. Z. to resign him when he moves out, most recently 65.000 Euro. Mr. Z., however, has not struck to the last, but waited, because the offer may be even higher and he lives until then so cheap. Inwardly, Mr. Z. was ready for a contract annulment, from the money he wanted to start a condominium in Spandau, he had already carried out three visits to various apartments.

In June, the Berlin Senate approved the key issues paper. At the beginning of August, the inhabitants of the house received mail from a new administration, which announced that the house had been acquired by a pension fund. Upon request, Mr. Z. learned that the plans for redistribution and redevelopment were discontinued, but that the house was managed in its present condition. There is no interest in abolishing existing leases.

the Swedish architect

Mr. W. is an architect and comes from Sweden. He speaks quite passably German and had to do in recent years increasingly in Berlin and also friends here. So he decided to move to Berlin. He bought a condominium at the beginning of 2017 and renounced the tenant after a land register change in the summer 2017 because of own needs. The notice period was 9 months and expired in the spring 2018.

The tenant, an elderly man with a main residence near Hanover, applied various illnesses as hard and asked for more time to search for a new apartment. Mr. W., who is not anti-social, granted it to him, but towards the end of the summer 2018 he wanted to know when he could expect to move in. As the communication was increasingly blocked tenants, he filed eviction action. At the trial at 2019 County Court in the spring, the court said that it was necessary to obtain a medical and psychological opinion on the tenant, in order. These reports are not yet available, another date for the hearing has not yet been determined.

Mr. W. has the acute problem that he currently finds no accommodation in Berlin. Nobody rents him an apartment at the moment, he can not afford hotels for such a long time and in a student flat share everything is extremely uncertain, because he has to pay the rent in cash and does not get a written contract, only the verbal promise that and how long he may stay. He should also promise that he does not attach his name to Klingel or the mailbox and does not register. Apart from that, he does not have enough privacy in a shared flat to pursue his work from home.

Basically, Mr. W. has to return to Sweden for housing reasons. At the moment, however, he has hardly any points of contact there and his private and professional environment is here in Berlin. A solution can not be seen.

the elderly lady

Mrs. V. is almost 80 years old. She owns a small tenement with 8 parties that has always managed her husband. When he died a few years ago, he left a lot of papers, they really do not have an overview yet. Your son helps her with the administration. She gets a few hundred euros widow's pension, of which she lives.

The rents in the house of Mrs. V. are extremely favorable, between 2,20 and 3,80 Euro gross. That's because neither her husband nor her has ever raised her. Most tenants live in the house for decades, nobody wants to leave. Meanwhile, the running costs but the rental income. Fortunately, all apartments are equipped with gas heating system, so that the tenants pay their own heating costs to the provider, otherwise Mrs. V. would already be there. However, the heating systems are all just before the end of the permitted life and must be replaced soon. There are no reserves for this.

About a year ago, a tenant died, who - as it turned out after a long time - left no heirs and no fortune. The probate court sometime sent Mrs. V. the keys to the apartment. She had them cleaned up, there were no usable items. Bathroom, kitchen, windows, floors, electrics, heating - everything about the apartment is many decades old and must, before you can re-rent it, be renewed once. The son got a cost offer, which - as Mrs. V. is not a permanent client - was not easy and took a long time. Because of her age, Mrs. V. receives no more credit, so that the two considered rewriting the house now to the son or the grandson. During this planning phase, Groko's decision on the housing package and the Senate's decision on the rental cover came.

Thereupon Ms. V. and her son decided that they would not renovate and not re-let, but use the flat as a storehouse for old files and for family belongings. In conversation, Ms V said: "Oh, you know, I'm losing nothing. The 200 Euro, which I received for rent, has gone down for the cost and if I redevelop now for 800 Euro and then rent for 1.000 Euro, that's the same in the end. I save the effort and use my spare time for other things. As a landlord, one is no longer so happy with the young generation today. "

die Familie

The J. family lives in a 2 room apartment in a Berlin Milieuschutzgebiet. When Mr. J. moved in, he was a student and single. Later he met today's Mrs. J., the two got married and got 2 children. Today, four of them live in the 2 rooms. The big son is in the 1 this year. Class came, the little 2021 is schooled. The two need their own room, it is all too cramped meanwhile.

Family J is strongly rooted in the area. Both children go / went there to the day care center, all friends, the elementary school etc. are there.

For 2 years, J's are looking for a bigger apartment in the area. Neither to rent or to buy you will find one.

However, there is a larger apartment in the neighboring house both on the left and on the right, which is inhabited solely by an old lady. One apartment has 4 rooms, the other 5. In both, the man died years ago, the children are out of the house. The family J. offered them a home exchange for both, but he is out of the question because their house does not have a lift. Both ladies say they will not even find a 2 room apartment as cheap as they are now, so why should they move out? Even if now rent increases would come, which are not to be feared with the Mietendeckel yes, so they are extremely low in height: 15% of almost nothing is not much and then again for 3 years safe.

another old lady

"You know, I'm not a rental shark." So Mrs. T. opened the phone call with me. We performed it on the 14. June. In short: all your leases are from DM times and at that time, because it was so easy, it was always rented for 5 DM / sqm. That's 2,56 Euro. It has never raised, so the rents are still today.

She never had an interest in raising. Until it became known that the Senate wants to conclude a Mietendeckel and from the 18. June 2019 maybe nothing works.

So she commissioned an 15% rent increase. The first time in her life. I did it for her. 15% from 2,56 Euro are 0,38 Euro. In the future, the rents will amount to 2,94 Euro. Now you can say that the damage is not so great for the tenants. Without the expectation of the corner decision, however, Mrs. T. would not have come to me.

All tenants have agreed within two weeks, two wrote in addition to the fact that they do not care about the Mietendeckel and they thank Mrs. T. for the good tenancy. It can sometimes be like that.